Influenza: the epidemic peak has been reached in all regions

The flu has already reached its epidemic peak in all regions of France and has more than 4000 deaths.

The peak of the flu epidemic has been crossed in all regions of metropolitan France, says Public Health France in its latest weekly bulletin. Although there is a "sharp decrease in influenza activity", the hospitalization rate remains high and about 4100 deaths are attributable to influenza viruses currently circulating. The predominantly observed virus is A (H3N2).

Emergency room and hospitalization

1,476 severe cases of influenza were admitted to intensive care and 1,193 acute respiratory infections were reported in elderly communities. 86% of deaths have been recorded in the over 75 years, reports the health agency. However, the consultation rate for influenza-like illness (295/100 000 inhabitants) has decreased considerably compared to last week (-37%). "The proportion of influenza-like syndromes among SOS Doctors' medical procedures is 12%, also down sharply (-35%)".

6,820 emergency room visits for influenza or influenza-like illness were recorded, a sharp decrease compared to the previous week (11,373 passages). The number of hospitalizations for influenza or influenza-like illness is also decreasing (1,434 versus 2,177 last week), but remains important. "The proportion of hospitalizations among passages for influenza is 21%, a high value and a slight increase compared to the previous week (19%)." The passages concern mainly children under 5 (30%) and 15 -44 years of age (24%) Hospitalizations concern people aged 65 and over (69%), particularly those aged 75 and over (55% of hospitalizations) ".

A moderately effective vaccine this year

Influenza is a highly contagious viral and respiratory infection whose main characteristic is to "grab" the patients. Apart from being incapacitating, influenza can cause serious complications, especially for the most vulnerable, such as pregnant women, newborns, people with chronic illnesses and those over 65. . That's why he told them to get vaccinated every year, even though Health Minister Agnès Buzyn recently conceded that the vaccine seemed moderately effective this year.

How do you catch the flu?

Regardless of the circulating influenza virus strain, transmission is primarily by air: a contaminated person projects saliva droplets into the surrounding air, speaking, coughing, or sneezing (until more than one meter away!) and these viruses can be inhaled by other people, present in the same room, who will be contaminated in their turn. After infection with the influenza virus, the disease starts within 48 hours on average. The patient remains contagious until five days after the onset of the first signs in the adult and seven days in the child. Influenza can also be transmitted by contact with hands and objects soiled by saliva droplets (door handles, tables ...).

Hygiene recommendations

This emphasizes the importance of isolating infected people by leaving them at home, but also to follow the hygiene recommendations to prevent the spread of the virus: the patient must cough, sneeze or blow his nose in a disposable tissue and must Wash your hands so that you do not lay down the viruses that can survive for a few hours on your hand or something that you touch. Non-sick people are advised to wash their hands frequently during an epidemic and to avoid contact with patients.

Video: The New Flu (December 2019).