In its Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin, Santé Publique France indicates that for the first time, the average sleep time of the French goes below seven hours.
Whether you are a marmot or a night owl, no one can ignore the benefits of a good night's sleep. However, the French sleep less and less, according to the barometer of Public Health France, which publishes Tuesday its Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin. For the first time, the daily sleep time fell below the average of seven hours.
Between 1h and 1h30 of sleep less in 50 years
12,637 people, aged between 18 and 75, were interviewed to carry out this study. It appears that during the week and during work, the average daily sleep time is 6 hours and 34 minutes (excluding naps), while it is 7 hours and 12 minutes at weekends. during rest periods. In fifty years, the French have lost between one and one and a half hours of sleep. The fault, according to Public Health France, the time we spend in front of the screens. But also to the noises around us and the daily commutes.
"More than a third of French people (35.9%) sleep less than six hours, but it is known from many epidemiological studies that sleeping less than six hours is associated with a high risk of obesity, type 2, hypertension, heart disease and accidents ", warn Professor Damien Léger, sleep specialist at the Hôtel-Dieu, and the director general of Public Health France, François Bourdillon.
Night work pointed at
The researchers focused particularly on night work. Thus, the number of regular and occasional night workers has increased in France from 3.3 million in 1990 to 4.3 million in 2013. This represents a change from 15% of assets to 16.3%. Night work, with its offbeat schedules, is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, accidents, and for women with breast cancer. In the Weekly Epidemiological Bulletin, a study on the subject is published. The authors recommend setting up a health watch for night workers. Recently, American researchers have also demonstrated the benefits of sport to regulate our biological clock when we work precisely with offbeat schedules.
How to sleep well?
There are solutions to allow the French to sleep more and better. Thus, Public Health France promotes the nap, lasting 20 to 30 minutes, even in the workplace! The decline of the beginning of the courses for high school students is also mentioned. At the beginning of the year, the president of the Île-de-France region, Valérie Pécresse, proposed the idea to the Minister of Education, Jean-Michel Blanquer. An experiment to which he said he was "open". Not to mention the b-a-ba of a successful sleep: an ideal temperature of 18 ° C, and especially no mobile phone or tablet.