The arrival of summer weather will spread grass pollen throughout the country.
"The good weather, hot and sunny, will affect the whole country at the beginning of next week and will raise grass pollen concentrations that will still strongly affect allergic," warns the National Aerobiological Monitoring Network (RNSA).
26 French departments in red alert
26 French departments are on red alert, with a risk of allergy pollen "very high": the Allier, the Alpes de Haute-Provence, Aveyron, the territory of Belfort, Calvados, Cantal, the Côte d Creuse, Essonne, Gers, Hautes-Alpes, Haute-Saone, Haute-Savoie, Lot, Lot-et-Garonne, Lozère, Manche, Maine-et-Loire , Meurthe-et-Moselle, Nièvre, Puy-de-Dôme, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Tarn, Tarn-et-Garonne, Saône-et-Loire and Yvelines. The majority of other sectors will be at "high risk".
Grass pollen is the main cause of these allergies. "Olive and oak pollen are still present around the Mediterranean with a risk of associated medium-level allergy Urticaceae pollens are gaining ground all over the country with a low risk of allergy locally plantain, sorrel and linden pollen may be present everywhere in France but without any real nuisance for allergic people, "continues the National Aerobiological Surveillance Network (RNSA).
Avoid walks in the forest or in the fields
Between 20 and 40% of French people suffer from pollen allergies. If you are allergic, a few precautions can help you. The whole thing is to limit contact with the outside when the risk is high: avoid walks in the forest or in the fields. If you drive, keep the windows closed.
The National Aerobiological Surveillance Network (RNSA) also recommends "rinsing the hair in the evening (otherwise the pollens are deposited on the pillowcase and maintain irritation, ed), to promote the opening of windows before sunrise and after sunset (pollen is more present during the day, ed), to avoid drying clothes outside, to follow his treatment and to consult his doctor in case of symptoms ... ". Change regularly if you can, pollens tend to hang on clothes.
Can we cure an allergy?
One question remains: can one cure an allergy? To change the course of allergic disease, it is possible to resort to specific immunotherapy, or "desensitization": this technique can induce tolerance to one or more allergens. The progress of recent years has enhanced the effectiveness of these treatments with better purification of allergens and the administration of some sublingually. Subcutaneous injections take place once a week for 3 months, then once a month for 3 years.
Subcutaneous immunotherapy helps control the signs of allergies in more than two-thirds of people with allergic rhinitis and prevents the development of bronchial asthma and broadens the spectrum of allergies to others allergen over time. The desensitization works all the better that it is initiated soon after the development of the signs. In case of recurrence after desensitization, if the first immunotherapy has been effective, it is possible to redo it.