While many stroke survivors suffer from motor disabilities, aerobic exercise could improve their ability to walk and build endurance, according to a new US study.
Sport is good for health, it is regularly proven. This helps, among other things, to boost memory and fight cognitive decline, overcome overweight and depression and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. At present, these are the leading cause of death in the world and the second in France after cancer. Acute or chronic complications may include vascular dementia, vision problems, chronic heart or kidney failure, myocardial infarction, or stroke. The latter also affect 150,000 people each year in France.
According to the Foundation for Stroke Research, about 20% of people who make an attack die in the year. And among survivors, about 60% have neurological sequelae ranging from motor deficiency to language disorders to sensory or visual damage. While most hospitals have cardiac rehabilitation programs to help them get back on their feet, taking aerobic programs in groups would help them to walk properly and improve their stamina, according to a study published August 14th. Journal of the American Heart Association.
To reach this conclusion, researchers from the University of South Carolina in the United States followed nearly 500 adults, averaging 54 to 71 years old. They gave them exercise programs two to three times a week for three months. These sessions included walking, stationary cycling and aerobic exercise.
Participants have significantly increased their stamina and speed
In the long term, the researchers were able to observe that aerobics gave better results, followed by walking. Overall, participants significantly improved their stamina and speed. Another interesting observation: patients with mild motor impairment are the ones who benefited the most from these sports sessions, the researchers note.
Unfortunately, right now, most post-stroke rehabilitation care places too little emphasis on aerobics, the researchers regret. "Our analysis looked at stroke survivors from less than six months to more than a year since stroke, and the benefits were seen, whether they started a one-month aerobic exercise program. or a year after having a stroke, "said Elizabeth Regan, TPD, lead author of the study.
Few long-term monitoring data
"Almost every hospital has a cardiac rehabilitation program, so it's an existing platform that could be used for stroke survivors." Referring patients with stroke to these existing programs can be an easy solution, profitable and profitable in the long term, "says Stacy Fritz, co-author of the study.
The latter, however, has some limitations. Indeed, no analysis was performed on a control group to compare the results. In addition, there was little follow-up data available to determine whether the benefits of the exercises on patient health lasted in the long term.