According to a study for the Ministry of Health published this month, 18% of third-graders are overweight and 5% are obese in France.
Disturbing figures. According to a study conducted by the Directorate of Research, Studies, Evaluation and Statistics (DREES) published this month on the website of the Ministry of Health, 18% of third graders are overweight and 5% are obese in France. This is up from the same survey published in 2009.
To reach this conclusion, the researchers followed "a sample of teenagers enrolled in third grade" in 925 colleges over the year 2016-2017. They submitted the young people to a health examination and asked them about their lifestyle. They found that the overweight rate was higher for girls (20%) than for boys (17%). Nevertheless, 74% of students report playing a sport. Boys more than girls (81% vs. 67%).
In detail, the differences in weight seem to be marked by social inequalities: 24% of workers' children are overweight and 8% are obese compared to 12% and 3% respectively of executive children. Regarding the health of college students, 79% of workers' children have no carious teeth against 77% of those of executives. In addition, children of workers are less often fitted with glasses (31%) than those of executives (37%) but are also more likely to have a non-corrected distance vision disorder (10% versus 3%).
63% of college students have breakfast every day
In terms of eating habits, 63% of young people say they have breakfast every day compared to 68% in 2009. The genre seems to play a lot: 57% of girls eat daily in the morning against 60% of boys. As for the social markers, the children of workers are twice as likely to eat breakfast only rarely, or never, if we believe their answers. Finally, at lunchtime, 29% of third graders attend the canteen only rarely or never.
In conclusion, "lack of physical activity, high time spent in front of screens and irregular eating (which can induce nibbling) are all individual risk factors whose association promotes weight gain in adults , as at the teenager, "note the authors.
15.3% of obese adults in France
Over time, being overweight can have many negative effects on your health. Unnecessary fat can lead to cardiovascular diseases (especially heart disease and stroke), type 2 diabetes, musculo-articular disorders such as osteoarthritis, and certain cancers (endometrial, breast and colon).
To diagnose obesity, the Body Mass Index (BMI) is calculated by dividing weight in kg by height squared. According to the WHO, people with BMI ≥ 25 and <30 are overweight, and those with a BMI ≥ 30 are obese.
Today in France, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), in 2017, 15.3% of adults were suffering from obesity, an increase over the past ten years .