World Kidney Day is an opportunity to bring a courageous and discreet body to the fore. It is always said that the liver is the prince of the organism, because even destroyed at 3/4, he continues his work as if nothing had happened. This is to forget another equally essential organ that ensures a near normal life, even when 95% have given up the ghost. It's the kidney ...
There is little talk of the kidney. This day comes to repair this injustice.
Nature has rewarded us with 2 kidneys, the only truly vital 24-hour organ that is duplicated. The kidney is a filtration plant of such quality that humans have never been able to reproduce in our communities. In fact, we rarely think about what the simple phenomenon of digestion and the energy supply of all the cells of our body represent.
We start from the mouth ... Which is an area more important for digestion than we think. We must take the time to chew, it will be less to do for our stomach; it is in the mouth that the first products of degradation will act. Then we swallow, and everything goes down in the esophagus which is not an inert pipe but a very powerful muscle. The proof, if this muscle was not as effective, we would be very annoyed when we do the pear after a meal, which is not common but just an image to illustrate the role of the esophagus
We then arrive in the stomach, which is also a muscle, but moreover a container which contains more powerful acid than hydrochloric acid. It comes out is a porridge ready to be sorted.
The digestion continues with a fantastic sort where everything is separated absorbed or rejected. The residues go to the salts. The liquids and the good products pass to that level in the blood. The blood circulation is loaded in the way after having deposited the essential elements to take back the residues of the boiler.
First the liver then the 2 kidneys, are responsible for purifying, in which comes a blood loaded with waste that leaves totally purified.
Everything looks like an ultra sophisticated and microscopic purification plant. The kidney has after filtration its own system of transport of useless products; this is called urine.
When the kidney is gone, nothing goes.
With the kidney, we enter the field of advanced computing. It is for example the kidney that controls the acidity of the blood. A fundamental, vital data ... The kidney also controls the concentration of sodium and potassium, essential elements for exchanges within our body. Without kidneys, the body can not live because the accumulation of waste quickly translates into a very serious coma. A purification service that can not know the strike and that to work at a good level must eliminate a liter to a liter and a half of urine a day.
This allows us to answer the eternal question: how much should we drink fluid a day?
There is not a number to remember because it depends on the heat. In fact the only way to control it is to check that the output is a liter, a liter and a half.
The main diseases of the kidneys are extremely numerous, too numerous to pass in detail. The treatments are just as numerous and quite effective, but when the kidney can no longer function, so-called kidney failure: you have to use an external device to do your job, that's what we call dialysis.
The "artificial" kidney
Dialysis was formerly called the artificial kidney. A method perfectly developed, except that it is synonymous with disruption of everyday life and hard enough to bear for years.
We can also prefer the transplant. In fact, the term graft is improper, for the sole reason that the diseased kidney is not replaced; we leave it in place but we bring in a new one; it is for this reason that the exact term is "renal transplantation".
Renal transplantation was invented in France. It is perfectly perfected, not very difficult to achieve and generates few rejections ... only the donors are missing. It is true that the organ being double, it allows for example the use of living donors ...