One "tastes" thanks to the taste buds, three quarters of which are located on the back of the tongue; Via a nerve, they send their information to the brain, which manages to perceive complex flavors by mixing different types of primary flavors. A system that food manufacturers, like to divert
When you put, for example, a square of chocolate in the mouth, the mechanism of taste is very complex. This is the subtle alchemy of flavors, with which our brain will decide whether we like it or not
In the past, we only knew four primary flavors that our tongue will test with the square of chocolate: sweet, salty, bitter and sour.
In fact this classification has evolved, and there are 5 other flavors:
* and finally, the fat flavor that is even considered today as an essential flavor.
Some American researchers even argue to make it a sixth flavor in its own right. This new flavor is called "oleogustus" from the Latin Oleo, oily and gustus for taste. What every food critic synthesizes in "fat is good". For the taste unquestionably ... For our arteries it's another story.
The discovery of the particular taste of fatty acids could have one consequence: to develop fat substitutes in dietary foods that represent a colossal market, which suffers a little from the bad image of sugar substitutes. An image that is not improving when we learn, in a recent study that fructose, natural food sugar does not satisfy as much as the industrial sugar that is added to industrial foods to push consumption ...
Smell contributes to the taste
When you lose your sense of smell, you lose a lot of the taste, because the nose comes into play by the smell of food. The taste is not limited to only flavors. They even represent only 10% of all information collected when a food is tasted. We must add the texture and temperature, but also the spicy example pepper, freshness like that of menthol or finally astringency.
The cultural taste.
The taste varies from one country to another because this sense is educated. He is even very dependent on eating habits: a child, who has been used to eating sweet, or nibbling, will have great difficulty in changing habits.
Especially since all this begins in the belly of our mothers: the fetus is used to receiving substances related to food consumed by his mother, so that have the flavor. An element that pregnant women have to think about before rushing to meet food with a very strong taste.
This cultural aspect of taste has not escaped food manufacturers who like to add "substances" supposed to make "addicts" to products, as is the case with some synthetic sugars.
The taste loss
To have bad taste is one thing ... To lose it is a problem, a real illness ... The total loss is very rare. The decline in quality is however very common with age, tobacco and some drugs - especially against tension - are often involved as the poor condition of the mouth and teeth ...
There are degrees in what is called "ageusia" ...
The preceding causes are very progressive and do not arrive at total ageusia. This only occurs when the nerves of taste are severed, damaged by an accident or tumor, which is very rare.
The loss of taste is very painful. Those who suffer from it say that it looks like constantly chewing paper ... a personal and social nightmare. Especially in France
The doctor rarely intervenes on the problems of taste.
Because in most cases, unfortunately, there is not much to do, if it is not to anticipate and protect this sense so developed in our country ... To clean your teeth, your tongue and not to flee your dentist!
Change the taste
It's one of the hardest things to do.
It's really going to depend on the type of personality you have. There are people who do not support change, who have a totally ritualized diet with dishes that come in the same order with the same taste, and their pleasure is in the repetition. And there are those who, on the contrary, will judge the quality of a meal by its innovative aspect. So, again, no general description, but is the pleasure of some of us in repetition or change? Psychiatrists believe that a small dose of tolerance for change is a good indicator of mental health.
There are two things that prevent us from changing: the obsession with routine but also the idea that we are going to change from nothing to nothing. We go from one day to the next, if we love cakes, adore only salty, completely change his behavior, his references. So the idea is more to tolerate small change experiences, which will dramatize these changes. You have to be able to say "even a small change in my eating behavior is better than no change at all".