Do not smoke, drink moderately, exercise regularly, maintain a balanced weight and eat healthy are all good habits to adopt daily for better longevity. According to a recent US study this could even increase the life expectancy of fourteen years.
This is not going to please fans of excesses of all kinds. Although it was already known that alcohol, cigarettes and lack of physical activity were bad for health, it was proven that those who did not smoke, drank moderately, ate healthily, and played sports regularly. much longer than others. In fact, according to a new US study conducted by Harvard University and published in the medical journal circulationthese good everyday habits could increase life expectancy by ... fourteen.
Sport at least 30 minutes a day
To arrive at this astonishing conclusion, the researchers analyzed the medical records of 123,000 volunteers over thirty years, also submitting them to various questions about their daily habits.
They then realized that those who did not smoke, drank moderately (no more than 50ml of wine a day for women, two for men), ate healthily (lots of fruits and vegetables, little red meat and sugar), exercised at least 30 minutes a day and had a Body Mass Index between 18.5 and 25 lived much longer than others. The difference in life expectancy of up to more than 12 years for men and fourteen for women. Moreover, those who respected these five good habits (8% of volunteers only) had respectively 65% and 82% less risk of dying from cancer and heart disease. Figures so extreme that the researchers themselves were surprised. "When we started in this study, I obviously thought that people who had a healthy lifestyle lived longer but I was surprised was to see how," says Dr. Meir Stamfer, co-author of the study, to the British newspaper The Guardian.
"A warning bell for the future"
These results are however to be taken with tweezers. Indeed, "the participants were mostly whites, health professionals," recalls Dr. Sharon Horesh Bergquis of Emory University interviewed by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. "This limits the possibility of generalizing these results to ethnic and racial groups," she says, noting that the volunteers themselves completed the questionnaires on their lifestyle. Nevertheless, "this study is a wake-up call for the future well-being of our country," she admits. "In spite of our state-of-the-art medical system, the most important factor for our health is our food and our lifestyle." Not only must each of us take responsibility for our food, but as a society we must also make healthier overall choices. "
This study was conducted in the hope of understanding why the United States, which spends more on health than any other country in the world, was not better in terms of longevity. According to the World Health Organization, in 2015, life expectancy at birth was 76.9 years for men and 81.6 years for women. In metropolitan France, the figures are happily higher: 79.5 years for men and 85.4 years for women, according to the latest results of INSEE. However, the Hexagon also has something to do: if our obesity rate seems very low today compared to that of the United States (15% of French adults concerned against 39.6% in the US), the This trend is likely to worsen considerably in the next ten years. It would seem wise here also to take the lifestyle recommendations of this new study seriously.