According to a survey conducted by the French Union of Foot Health, 2 in 3 French say they suffer from foot and in 30% of cases, a problem of footwear would be involved ...
Greek foot or square foot
The anatomy of the foot has a considerable interest for footwear. According to experts, to avoid, for example, the appearance of corns or calluses, we must first think of the morphology of our feet. This is mainly because women tend to wear shoes that do not respect the anatomy of the foot, they have more pain than men.
49% of French people have the Egyptian foot, that is to say with the big toe which is the most advanced. Conversely, 40% have the Greek foot (second toe, starting from the fat, bigger than the others) and 11% the square foot, with the first three toes of the same size.
With the Egyptian foot for example, when we choose hiking shoes, we will have a predisposition to develop hematomas under the fingernails.
It is therefore a criterion that must be taken into account.
Same precaution with the Greek foot, especially for women's shoes, because the big toe does not work enough, since its anatomy does not allow it. The 2e toe, over time, may retract into claw and develop calluses.
Buy at the end of the day
Chiropodists advise to buy shoes rather late in the day. It is at this time that the lower limbs are the most inflated and that the foot is the most tired. Especially at the woman, at the end of the day, there can be an increase of 8 to 12% of the volume of the foot.
To choose the right shoes, it is also important to take the time to try them, but also to observe them. Not to be convinced that they are well matched to his handbag, but especially to take the time to observe the interior. The goal is to ensure that they will not cause pain in use, because of a misplaced seam or a manufacturing defect. So before you buy, you get your hands inside to make sure there is nothing that will cause an injury.
Especially in diabetics who fear foot injuries that can infect and lead to the amputation of a toe ... this gesture is very important.
It's up to the footwear
And not the other way around as some salespeople sometimes say ... We often hear: "do not worry, your foot will go to the shoe". Well no ! According to chiropodists, one must feel good about it from the start, not cramped. The foot should be able to move a little and the toes should not be squeezed. In children as in adults, there must be no pressure point.
From the first steps, the feeling of walking must be good. Besides a little advice to be quite certain that we are at the right size: you must always be able to spend a little finger, between the heel and the buttress of the shoe; if this is not the case, there is a risk of pain or foot problems.
First criterion of choice, your weight. The more important it is, the more the sole must be thick and resistant.
There are multisport shoes that will be good for physical activity in general. But if you are no longer walking all terrain, jogging or cycling or fanned wetlands, get advice in a specialized store.
It is said that the normal life span of a shoe does not exceed a few hundred kilometers. Take care because, as wear is progressive, we do not realize it.
These are the qualities of the sole that are to be evaluated and their damping function, not external wear, which it arrives later. Six to eight months of use, 3 times a week, are a maximum life.
Finally, whatever the physical activity chosen, buy a shoe that has a size above the usual one of your foot.
The preferred accessory of the shoe is the sock; you have to put the same rigor on your purchase as for the shoe, by privileging, even if it is more delicate to wash, the cotton which behaves well, whatever the temperature.
The fashion of teenagers who wear only sneakers is worrying, even if it is a subject that makes doctors, for teens, for nerds. But we prepare generations of flat feet. Once a week, trying to impose other shoes would suffice.
When we say "foot pain" and shoe problem, we immediately think high heels! However, the pumps are not always involved. According to specialists, small ballerinas, for example, are as much, if not more, harmful to the health of our feet. These flat shoes provide no support, no cushioning, to the arch. We have more risk of tendinitis ...
For the well-being of the feet, the advice would be in the end, "neither too high nor too flat". Moreover, for women, according to chiropodists, the ideal shoe everyday has a heel of 2 to 5 cm. Twenty-five millimeters maximum for the man, forty-five for the woman.
There is also a cosmetic surgery a little crazy, which adapts the feet to the stiletto heels, an action in vogue across the Channel, called "Loub Job", in reference to a famous brand of high heels shoes. It may seem extreme, but some English addicted to stilettos get collagen injections underfoot. Specifically, in the heel and under the toes to create a cushion effect and thus avoid having foot pain, even with heels 12 cm.