According to a recent study, eating flexitarian could greatly reduce our impact on the environment. What is this diet? We tell you everything.
The content of our plate has consequences on the state of health of our planet. For several years, it has been recognized that certain agri-food products have an impact on the environment. According to a report published in the journal Natureto limit global warming, it is necessary to change the way we consume, including reducing the share of meat in our diet.
In 2050, we will be about 10 billion people on earth, but this increase in population will be without increasing our environmental resources. For scientists, it is essential to modify our ways of consuming to limit our ecological impact. This new study, published on October 10, quantifies for the first time the efforts to be made.
90% less meat
According to the researchers, it is necessary to adopt a flexitarian regime to limit global warming. This consists of drastically reducing the consumption of meat. This would reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of the agri-food industry by 56%. In developed countries, researchers recommend reducing meat consumption by 90%. Livestock production produces greenhouse gases and consumes a lot of water: to produce 500 grams of beef, you need about 7,000 liters of water. Egg and milk consumption should also be revised downwards by 60% on average.
More soy and more cereals
How to get enough protein if you consume fewer animal products? Fill up on legumes. The study recommends increasing our consumption by 115%. This is not the only alternative, researchers say that should be consumed 400% more soy.
Multiply the means of action
The authors of this publication stress the need to diversify the means of action. For example, reducing food waste is also part of the measures needed to limit global warming. Reforming the industry and improving education on these topics are also important issues. If nothing is done by 2050, the consequences of our diet on climate change could go from 50 to 90%.